Learning

Glossary

E

election
The process by which eligible citizens vote for people to represent them in a parliament.
election campaign
A competition for votes by people or parties who are seeking election to Parliament.
elector
(see voter)
electoral roll
A list naming all the people who are entitled to vote.
electorate
A geographical area represented by a member of parliament, also referred to as a seat.
electorate office
The office of a member of parliament in their electorate or state/territory where they work when Parliament is not meeting in Canberra.
Executive and executive government
The Prime Minister and ministers (also called the ministry) who lead and manage government departments and are responsible for putting into action government policy and the laws made by the Parliament.
executive power
(see also separation of powers)
The power of the executive government to make national decisions and put laws into action.
expenditure
The act of spending money, or the amount spent.
explanatory memorandum
A document that explains the purpose and detail of a bill (proposed law) in a user-friendly  way.

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