The formal action which marks the completion of each stage of the passage of a bill through Parliament.
A change in the boundary of a House of Representatives electorate, to ensure there are a similar number of voters in each electorate.
A national vote to consider a change to the Australian Constitution.
A law made under the authority of an Act of Parliament.
To formally revoke, or remove.
A written statement of the results of a parliamentary committee of inquiry.
A person elected to Parliament to speak on behalf of others.
representative democracy
A system in which people vote for candidates to represent them in a parliament and make laws on their behalf.
reserve powers
Additional powers of the Governor-General not written in the Australian Constitution which may be used without ministerial advice, but usually according to accepted practices and customs, known as conventions.
The way in which the Senate asks the House of Representatives to make an amendment (change) to some money bills which the Senate cannot amend by itself.
responsible government
The principle that the government should be responsible to the Parliament, to ensure that the government does not abuse its power; the government must retain the support of the majority of members in the House of Representatives to stay in power.
Money a government collects from taxes and other sources to spend on government services.
The system of electing state senators in which all are elected for six year terms, with half being elected every three years, so that the Senate has continuous membership.
Royal Assent
The signing of a bill by the Governor-General, which is the final step in making a bill into a law.
rule of law
The principle that all people are equal before the law and must obey it, that the law should be fair, clearly written and protect people’s rights.

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