Learning

Glossary

A

absolute majority
(see also simple majority)
More than half the votes of the total number of members of the House of Representatives or the Senate.
abstain
To refrain from casting a vote.
accountable
The act of explaining one’s actions to another.
Act or Act of Parliament
A law made by a parliament.
adjourn
To postpone or suspend.
adjournment debate
A debate at the end of each sitting day when members of parliament make short speeches on any topic.
adversarial
A  contest between two or more sides representing different positions or holding different views.
alderman
(see councillor)
amendment
A change to a bill (proposed law), Act of Parliament or motion.
appropriation bill
A bill to allow executive government to spend money.
assistant minister
A member of the government appointed to assist a minister with their work.
Australian Constitution
The set of rules by which Australia is governed, describing the powers of the Australian Parliament, the Australian Government and the High Court of Australia.
Australian Electoral Commission
The organisation responsible for running national elections and referendums.
Australian Government
The federal government that puts Australian law into action, provides national government services and makes decisions on behalf of the nation.
Australian Parliament
The national Parliament, consisting of the Queen (represented by the Governor-General), the Senate and the House of Representatives.
ayes
(see also noes)
The expression used in Parliament to indicate a ‘yes’ vote.

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