- A member of parliament who is not a minister or shadow minister, also known as a private member or senator.
- balance of power
- The ability of one or more Independents, or a parliamentary party, to decide an issue by the way they vote, due to no single party or coalition of parties having majority support.
- The voting process by which a choice is made.
- A piece of paper listing the names of candidates for election, on which voters record their choice.
- A parliament that consists of two chambers, or houses.
- A proposal for a new law.
- To have the support of two parties.
- Black Rod
- The staff of office of the Usher of the Black Rod, made of ebony wood with a silver crown on the top.
- blue-ribbon seat
- A seat, or electorate, in which most voters usually vote for the same political party or Independent, making it a ‘safe’ seat for that member or party.
- The federal government’s annual statement of how it plans to collect and spend money, with the agreement of the Parliament.
- The group of people who work in or manage government departments or organisations, and who help to put law into action.
- An election held to fill a single vacancy in the House of Representatives if a member resigns or dies between federal elections.